Performance of Idylla KRAS assay on extracted DNA and de-stained cytology smears: Can we rescue small sample?
Objective: KRAS is a frequently mutated gene in cancers, and with recent FDA-approved targeted therapy for the G12C mutation, testing for KRAS variants is essential. We evaluated the performance of the Idylla KRAS assay on extracted DNA and cytology smears in order to expand the utility of the assay.
Methods: In total, fifty-seven human samples were analyzed. Idylla results from sixteen DNA extracted from formalin-fixed, paraffin-embedded tissues (FFPE DNA) and thirty cytology smears were compared to the reference method. We evaluated the performance of the Idylla assay using corresponding cytology smears to rescue cellblocks or surgical blocks that were quantity not sufficient (QNS) for next generation sequencing (NGS).
Result: In the FFPE DNA cohort, 10 ng DNA input yielded valid results in all 16 samples, with 15 of 16 (93 %) concordant with NGS findings. In the cytology smear cohort, the Idylla KRAS assay demonstrated 100 % concordance with previous NGS results in 30 cases. In the QNS cohort, the assay was valid in all cases and KRAS mutations were identified in 3 of 11 cytology smears, including one G12C mutation.
Conclusion: The Idylla KRAS assay is a high-performing, feasible, and convenient option for testing extracted DNA and cytology smears. It rescues QNS samples allowing it to be integrated into the molecular workflow as an initial screening test with remarkably quick turnaround times.